Role of the newly synthesized brightener in modification of surface properties of Zn-Ni alloy electrodeposited on steel substrate

  • Jyoti S. Kavirajwar Department of Chemistry, The Oxford College of Engineering, Bangalore-560068, Karnataka
  • Basavanna Shivarudraiah Department of Chemistry, BTL Institute of Technology & Management, Bangalore-560099, Karnataka
  • Yanjerappa Arthoba Nayaka Department of Chemistry, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga-577451, Karnataka
Keywords: Nucleation, electrocrystallization, electrodeposition, zinc-nickel, Schariffker and Hills model


In the present study, a new brightener was synthesized by condensation of salicylaldehyde and cysteine hydrochloride (SC). To examine the influence of SC on the nucleation mechanism of Zn-Ni alloy, electrodeposition, cyclic voltammetric and chronoamperometric studies were carried out. The model of Schariffker and Hills was used to analyze current transients which explained the electrocrystallization process of Zn-Ni alloy. It is revealed that Zn-Ni electrocrystallization process in presence of SC is regulated by instantaneous nucleation mechanism. The corrosion studies were done for the bright and dull zinc-nickel alloy coatings in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution, using potentiodynamic polarization and electro­chemical impedance spectroscopic techniques. The phase structure, surface morphology and brightness of the deposit were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and reflectance studies. These studies revealed the role of SC in producing a bright Zn-Ni alloy coating on mild steel substrate and also showed its improved corrosion resistant nature.


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Electrochemical Science