Gas sensing technologies in combustion: A comprehensive review

  • Ulrich Guth Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Chemisry and Food Chemistry
  • Pavel Shuk Rosemount Measurement and Analytical, Emerson Electric Corp, Shakopee, MN 55379
  • Chad McGuire Rosemount Measurement and Analytical, Emerson Electric Corp, Shakopee, MN 55379
Keywords: Combustion control, in situ sensors for oxygen and hydrocarbons, solid electrolyte sensors, calorimetric sensors, tunable diode laser spectroscopyy

Abstract

Irrespective of the change in kind of energy to renewables there are many processes in which combustion of conventional fuels and biofuel are necessary. For cement and glass production, paper fabrication and air traffic it is absolutely essential to control the combustion processes by intelligent sensors in order to maximize the efficiency and to minimize the emission of harmful substances such as NOx and CO. Mainly oxygen sensors based on solid electrolytes and calorimetric sensors using the heat formation by catalytic combustion of CO and hydrocarbons with two resistance temperature detectors (RTD) are utilized. Recently, tunable diode laser spectroscopy (TDLS) became attractive in chemical plants. Several analytical companies are offering in-situ or extractive laser analyzers for combustion gases.

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Published
09-03-2020
Section
7th RSE SEE & 8th Kurt Schwabe symposium Special Issue