Sensitive determination of uric acid at layered zinc hydroxide-sodium dodecyl sulphate-propoxur nanocomposite

Original scientific paper

  • Mohamad Hafiz Ahmad Tajudin Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, Tapah Road, 35400 Perak, Malaysia and Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6220-1006
  • Mohamad Syahrizal Ahmad Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia and Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9278-6332
  • Illyas Md Isa Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia and Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7621-2929
  • Norhayati Hashim Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia and Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7095-8597
  • Anwar Ul-Hamid Center for Engineering Research, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0259-301X
  • Mohamad Idris Saidin Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia and Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9735-7150
  • Rahadian Zainul Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, West Sumatera 25171, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3740-3597
  • Suyanta M. Si Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9953-0113
Keywords: electrochemical sensor, pharmaceutical sensor, modified MWCNT, layered metal hydroxide, functional nanocomposite, square wave voltammetry
Graphical Abstract

Abstract

An electrochemical chemical sensor for the determination of uric acid (UA) with high sen­si­ti­vity and a wide working range was fabricated using the layered zinc hydroxide-sodium dode­cyl sulphate-propoxur (LZH-SDS-PRO) nanocomposite, modified with multi­wall carbon nano­tu­bes (MWCNT). The introduction of LZH-SDS-PRO as a conducting matrix has en­hanced the con­ductivity of MWCNT. The morphology of LZH-SDS-PRO/MWCNT was cha­rac­terized by trans­mission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron micro­scopy (SEM), while electro­chemical behavior of UA and K3[Fe(CN)6] at LZH-SDS-PRO/MWCNT paste electrode was studied by square wave and cyclic voltammetry, respect­tively. Under the opti­mized ex­peri­mental conditions, the electrode established linear plot for UA con­centrations 7.0 mol L-1 to 0.7 mmol L-1 (R2 = 0.9920) and LOD was calculated to be 4.28 µmol L-1 (S/N = 3). The fabri­ca­ted LZH-SDS-PRO/MWCNT electrode was success­sfully applied to urine samples, exhi­bi­t­ing excellent stability and reproducibility, which made it worthwhile for analytical applica­tions.

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Published
26-02-2022
Section
Electrochemical Science