Construction of a simple and selective electrochemical sensor based on Nafion/TiO2 for the voltammetric determination of olopatadine

Original scientific paper

  • Mohammad Mehmandoust Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey and Sakarya University, Biomaterials, Energy, Photocatalysis, Enzyme Technology, Nano & Advanced Materials, Additive Manufacturing, Environmental Applications, and Sustainability Research & Development Group (BIOENAMS R&D Group), 54187 Sakarya, Turkeyniversity https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-0603
  • Amirhossein Mehmandoust Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Urmia University, 1177, Urmia, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2086-2199
  • Nevin Erk Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey and Sakarya University, Biomaterials, Energy, Photocatalysis, Enzyme Technology, Nano & Advanced Materials, Additive Manufacturing, Environmental Applications, and Sustainability Research & Development Group (BIOENAMS R&D Group), 54187 Sakarya, Turkey
Keywords: Monitoring, screen-printed electrode, differential pulse voltammetry
Graphical Abstract

Abstract

A selective and facile voltammetric method based on titanium dioxide nanoparticles and Nafion (Nafion/TiO2 NPs) on the screen-printed electrode (SPE) was proposed for olopatadine determination. Followed by the synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles, various methods, including high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) Raman spectrum, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were utilized to characterize the nanomaterials. Nafion/TiO2 on the screen-printed electrode (NFN/TiO2/SPE) was used to determine olopatadine in concentration ranges of 0.01 to 0.07 and 0.07 to 14.6 µM with a limit of quantification as low as 7.0 nM, via differential pulse voltammetry technique. The NFN/TiO2/SPE offered a high-performance ability to determine olopatadine in the eye drop sample with satisfactory recovery data of 98.2–99.0 %. Also, the developed electrode showed good reproducibility, repeatability, and high selectivity features. The obtained results indicate that NFN/TiO2/SPE could be utilized as an appropriate candidate for electrochemical olopatadine sensing.

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Published
20-11-2021