The performance of heteroatom-doped carbon nanotubes synthesized via a hydrothermal method on the oxygen reduction reaction and specific capacitance

Original scientific paper

Authors

  • Tienah H. H. Elagib Kulliyyah of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, Wad Madani, Sudan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2473-9806
  • Nassereldeen A. Kabbashi Kulliyyah of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1524-5065
  • Md Zahangir Alam Kulliyyah of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6491-3218
  • Ma’an Al-Khatib Kulliyyah of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7830-2063
  • Mohamed E. S. Mirghani Kulliyyah of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9558-9449
  • Elwathig A. M. Hassan Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, Wad Madani, Sudan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.1697

Keywords:

Metal-free catalyst, electrochemical energy storage, catalytic activity, porous structure
Graphical Abstract

Abstract

Due to the increasing demand for electrochemical energy storage, various novel electrode and catalysis materials for supercapacitors and rechargeable batteries have developed over the last decade. The structure and characteristics of these catalyst materials have a major effect on the device's performance. In order to lower the costs associated with electrochemical systems, metal-free catalysis materials can be employed. In this study, metal-free catalysts composed of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) dual-doped multi-walled carbon nanotubes  were synthesized using a straightforward and cost-effective single-step hydrothermal method. Carbon nanotubes served as the carbon source, while l-cysteine amino acid and thiourea acted as doping elements. As a result of the physicochemical characterization, many defects and a porous structure were noted, along with the successful insertion of nitrogen and sulfur into the carbon nanotube was confirmed. According to the cyclic voltammetry tests for the dual-doped samples in alkaline conditions, the D-CNT2 catalyst exhibited onset potential of -0.30 V higher than -0.37 V observed for the D-CNT3 catalyst. This indicates enhanced oxygen–reduction reaction due to the synergistic effects of the heteroatoms in the structure and the presence of chemically active sites. Moreover, the outstanding specific capacitance of the D-CNT2 catalyst (214.12 F g-1 at scanning rate of 1 mV s-1) reflects the effective porosity of the proposed catalyst. These findings highlight the potential of N/S dual–doped carbon nanotubes for electrocatalytic applications, contributing to efficient energy conversion.

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Published

15-05-2023 — Updated on 15-05-2023

How to Cite

Elagib, T. H. H., Kabbashi, N. A., Alam, M. Z., Al-Khatib, M., Mirghani, M. E. S., & Hassan, E. A. M. (2023). The performance of heteroatom-doped carbon nanotubes synthesized via a hydrothermal method on the oxygen reduction reaction and specific capacitance: Original scientific paper. Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering, 14(1), 47–59. https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.1697

Issue

Section

Electroanalytical chemistry