Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces by laser surface texturing and autoxidation

Original scientific paper

  • Vijay Kumar Industrial and Production Engineering Department, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab, India-144011 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5415-2745
  • Rajeev Verma Industrial and Production Engineering Department, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab, India-144011 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5566-9834
  • Harish Kumar Bairwa Industrial and Production Engineering Department, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab, India-144011
Keywords: Anti-bacterial, oxide layer deposition, texturing, micro/nano-structure, self-cleaning
Graphical Abstract

Abstract

The creation of superhydrophobic surfaces (SHS) has received exceptional thought from the entire research community due to its notable application in varied fields such as anti-icing, self-cleaning, drag reduction, anti-bacterial, and oil-water separation. The super­hy­drophobic (SH) conditions for a surface can be attained through the consolidation of a low surface energy surface with appropriate micro/nano-surface roughness through texturing. Motivated by the SH nature of lotus leaf and petal effect, microstructures have been prepared in this work on a metal surface by a fiber laser marking machine at 35 W. The textured surfaces with a different pitch to diameter (p/d) ratio (2.0-0.70) have been turned into hydrophobic and finally SH, after storing in an ambient environment for a few days due to oxide layer deposition on the textured surface. In this study, the maximum contact angle achieved by textured geometry after 30 days of auto-oxidation was 158.6 o. Further, test results showed that the fabricated surfaces have a high potential to maintain their SH nature even after the harsh condition of applications.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

B. D. Rezgui, Surface Texturing for a Superhydrophobic Surface, in: The Effects of Dust and Heat on Photovoltaic Modules: Impacts and Solutions, A. Al-Ahmed, Inamuddin, F.A. Al-Sulaiman, F. Khan (Eds.), Green Energy and Technology, Springer Cham, 2022, p. 113. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-84635-0_5

Z. Yang, C. Zhu, N. Zheng, D. Le, J. Zhou, Materials (Basel) 11(11) (2018) 2210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11112210

Y. Wang, J. Liu, M. Li, Q. Wang, Q. Chen, Applied Surface Science 385 (2016) 472-480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.05.117

H. H. Nguyen, A. K. Tieu, S. Wan, H. Zhu, S. T. Pham, B. Johnston, Applied Surface Science 537 (2021) 147808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.147808

A. R. Esmaeili, N. Mir, R. Mohammadi, A Facile, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 573 (2021) 317-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.04.027

Y. Cho, C.H. Park, RSC Advances 10(52) (2020) 31251-31260. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA03137B

V. Kumar, R. Verma, S. Kango, V.S. Sharma, Materials Today Communications 26 (2021) 101736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtcomm.2020.101736

V. Kumar, R. Verma, S. Kango, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals 73 (2020) 1025-1026. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-020-01918-8

B. S. Yilbas, H. Ali, A. Al-Sharafi, N. Al-Aqeeli, Optics and Lasers in Engineering 102 (2018)

-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2017.10.014

R. S. Sutar, S. S. Latthe, S. Nagappan, C.-S. Ha, K. K. Sadasivuni, S. Liu, R. Xing, A. K. Bhosale, Journal of Applied Polymer Science 138(9) (2021) 49943. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.49943

J. Wu, J. Chen, J. Xia, W. Lei, B.-p. Wang, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2013 (2013) 232681. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/232681

K. Ellinas, A. Tserepi, E. Gogolides, Langmuir 27(7) (2011) 3960-3969. https://doi.org/10.1021/la104481p

G. Deep, V. Rajora, I. Singh, 3rd National Conference on Advancements in Simulation & Experimental Techniques in Mechanical Engineering (NCASEme-2016), Proceedings, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, Punjab, India, 2016, p. 253-257.

D-M. Chun, C.-V. Ngo, K.-M. Lee, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology 65(1) (2016)

-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2016.04.019

K. Ellinas, M. Chatzipetrou, I. Zergioti, A. Tserepi, E. Gogolides, Advanced Materials 27(13) (2015) 2231-2235. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201405855

X. Wu, V. V. Silberschmidt, Z.-T. Hu, Z. Chen, Surface and Coatings Technology 358 (2019) 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.11.039

H. M. Forooshani, M. Aliofkhazraei, H. Bagheri, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 784 (2019) 556-573. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.01.079

D. Zhao, M. Pan, J. Yuan, H. Liu, S. Song, L. Zhu, Progress in Organic Coatings 138 (2020) 105368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2019.105368

Y. Xiu, L. Zhu, D.W. Hess, C. P. Wong, Nano Letters 7(11) (2007) 3388-3393. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0717457

L. B. Boinovich, A. M. Emelyanenko, K. A. Emelyanenko, A. G. Domantovsky, A. A. Shiryaev, Applied Surface Science 379 (2016) 111-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.04.056

Q. Ma, Z. Tong, W. Wang, G. Dong, Applied Surface Science 455 (2018) 748-757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.06.033

S. Niu, B. Li, Z. Mu, M. Yang, J. Zhang, Z. Han, L. Ren, Journal of Bionic Engineering 12(2) (2015) 170-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1672-6529(14)60111-6

T. Wu, W.-hua Xu, K. Guo, H. Xie, J.-ping Qu, Chemical Engineering Journal 407 (2021) 127100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.127100

X. Gao, Z. Guo, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 512 (2018) 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2017.10.061

Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, Z. Xiao, S. Wang, X. Yu, Chemical Engineering Journal 369 (2019) 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.03.021

R. S. Sutar, S. S. Latthe, A. M. Sargar, C. E. Patil, V. S. Jadhav, A. N. Patil, K. K. Kokate, A. K. Bhosale, K. K. Sadasivuni, S. V. Mohite, S. Liu, R. Xing, Macromolecular Symposia 393(1) (2020) 2000031. https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.202000031

Y. Yoon, D. Kim, J.-B. Lee, Micro and Nano Systems Letters 2(1) (2014) 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40486-014-0003-x

E. Liu, H.J. Lee, X. Lu, Applied Sciences (Switzerland) 10(8) (2020) 2678. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082678

V. Kumar, R. Verma, V.S. Sharma, V. Sharma, Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, 9(4) (2022) 43003. https://doi.org/10.1088/2051-672X/ac4321

Y. Liu, H. Gao, S. Li, Z. Han, L. Ren, Chemical Engineering Journal 337 (2018) 697-708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.12.139

Published
04-05-2022
Section
Coatings