Specific frequency bands of amplitude low-frequency fluctuations in memory-related cognitive impairment: predicting Alzheimer’s disease
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was utilized to measure the amplitude low frequency fluctuations (ALFF) in human subjects with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and normal control (NC). Two specific frequency bands (Slow5: 0.01-0.027Hz and Slow4: 0.027-0.073Hz) were analysed in the main cognitive control related four subregions of the right ventral lateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC), i.e. IFJ, posterior-VLPFC, mid-VLPFC, and anterior-VLPFC. Differences in ALFF values between the AD and the NC group were found throughout the subregions of the right VLPFC. Compared to normal control group, decreased ALFF values were observed in AD patients in the IFJ (in two given frequency bands), and the mid-VLPFC (in Slow5). In contrast, increased ALFF valued were observed in AD patients in the posterior- and anterior-VLPFC (in both Slow5 and Slow4), and also in the mid-VLPFC in Slow4. Moreover, significant ALFF differences between the IFJ and three other subregions of the right VLPFC were found. Furthermore, ALFF values in the right VLPFC showed significant correlations with the time course of disease. Taken together, our findings suggest that AD patients have largely abnormalities in intrinsic neural oscillations which are in line with the AD pathophysiology, and further reveal that the abnormalities are dependent on specific frequency bands. Thus, frequency-domain analyses of the ALFF may provide a useful tool to investigate the AD pathophysiology.
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