Chemisorption as the essential step in electrochemical energy conversion - Review

  • Ana S. Dobrota University of Belgrade – Faculty of Physical Chemistry, Studentski trg 12-16, 11158 Belgrade
  • Igor A. Pašti University of Belgrade – Faculty of Physical Chemistry, Studentski trg 12-16, 11158 Belgrade
Keywords: Adsorption, reactivity trends, electrocatalysis, electrochemical power sources


Growing world population and energy demands have placed energy conversion and storage into the very centre of modern research. Electrochemical energy conversion systems including batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors, are widely considered as the next generation power sources. Even though they rely on different mechanisms of energy conversion and storage, fundamentally these are all electrochemical cells, operating through processes taking place at the solid/liquid interfaces, i.e. electrodes. Considering the interfacial nature of electrodes, it is clear that adsorption phenomena cannot be neglected when considering electrochemical systems. More than that, they are of crucial importance for electrochemical processes and represent an essential step in electrochemical energy conversion. In this contribution we give an overview of the phenomena underlying the operation of sustainable metal-ion batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors, ranging from electrocatalytic reactions and pseudo-faradaic processes to purely adsorptive processes, emphasizing the types, roles and significance of chemisorption. We review experimental and theoretical methods which can provide information about chemisorption in the mentioned systems, stressing the importance of combining both approaches.


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7th RSE SEE & 8th Kurt Schwabe symposium Special Issue