Advances in understanding Li battery mechanisms using impedance spectroscopy - Review

  • Jože Moškon Department of Materials Chemistry, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Sara Drvarič Talian Department of Materials Chemistry, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Robert Dominko Laboratory for Materials Electrochemistry, National Institute of Electrochemistry, Ljubljana
  • Miran Gaberšček Laboratory for Materials Electrochemistry, National Institute of Electrochemistry, Ljubljana and Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology University of Ljubljana, Večna pot 113, 1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: Lithium ion batteries, lithium sulfur batteries, transmission line model, porous electrode model, dendrites diffusion, electrochemical reaction

Abstract

The use of impedance spectroscopy in the field of modern batteries is demonstrated on three systems: lithium ion batteries represented by lithium iron phosphate (LFP) and lithium cobalt oxide (LCO) electrodes, a porous carbon cathode in contact with polysulfides and a metallic lithium anode exhibiting dendritic growth. In all cases, systematic experiments are shown where the type and composition of electrochemical cell is varied in order to identify the main processes contributing to the impedance response. The experiments are upgraded with appropriate models, using mainly the transmission line approach. The approach allows establishment of clear correlations between the composition and morphology of electrodes on one hand and the measured impedance features on the other. As the transmission line models are based on the use of physically well-defined elements, the approach allows a quantitative description of the main processes (diffusion, reaction, migration across films and contacts) taking place in modern battery electrodes.

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Published
09-03-2020
Section
7th RSE SEE & 8th Kurt Schwabe symposium Special Issue