Microfluidic paper based membraneless biofuel cell to harvest energy from various beverages

  • Prakash Rewatkar MEMS and Microfluidics Lab, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, 500078 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9739-4178
  • Sanket Goel MEMS and Microfluidics Lab, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, 500078
Keywords: Paper based enzymatic biofuel cell (P-EBFC), beverages, Carbon nanotube (CNT), Buckypaper (BP), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)


The present work establishes the cost-effective and miniature microfluidic self-pumping paper based enzymatic biofuel cell (P-EBFC). The developed Y-shaped P-EBFC consists of buckeye composite multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) buckypaper (BP) based bio-anode and bio-cathode that were immobilized with electro-biocatalytic enzymes glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The electrocatalytic activity of enzymes on electrode surface is confirmed using cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique. Such immobilized bio-anode and bio-cathode show exquisite electrocatalytic activity towards glucose and O2, respectively. Most appealingly, P-EBFC can directly harvest energy from widely available beverages containing glucose such as Mountain Dew, Pepsi, 7up and fresh watermelon juice. This could provide potential application of P-EBFC as a portable power device.


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Bioelectrochemistry & Fuel Cells