Performance of magnetized tool in electrochemical micromachining on scrapped alloy wheel matrix composite

Original scientific paper


  • Venugopal Palaniswamy Department of Mechanical Engineering, Muthayammal College of Engineering, Rasipuram 637408, India
  • Thanigaivelan Rajasekaran AKT Memorial College of Engineering and Technology, Kallakurichi, Tamil Nadu 606 213, India



Aluminum metal matrix composite, magnetic field, machining rate (MR), machining overcut (OC)
Graphical Abstract


Hybrid machining processes play an important role in traditional and non-traditional machining processes. Adding the magnetic field effect in electrochemical micromachining (ECMM) improves the machining efficiency and accuracy of the micro-hole machined. The process parameters, namely, voltage,duty cycle and electrolyte concentration,were used as input parameters, while machining rate (MR) and overcut (OC) are performance measures considered in this research. The work piece was a scrapped alloy wheel matrix fabricated with a stir-casting process reinforced with alumina (Al2O3). The EDAX and SEM image study was performed to understand the composition and surface quality of the machined workpiece, respectively. The micro-hole without magnetic field effect was also conducted to under­stand the possible advantage of magnetic field applied in ECMM.


Download data is not yet available.


S. Ao, X. Qin,K. Li, Z. Luo, Effects of process parameters on jet electrochemical machining of SiC particle-reinforced aluminum matrix composites, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 112(11) (2021) 3351-3361.

A. F. Ibrahim, S. M. Mousa, D. A. al Kareem Noori, Investigation and optimization of machining parameters in electrochemical machining of aluminium metal matrix composites, Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences 10(3) (2022) 48-59.

J. Prakash, S. Gopalakannan, Teaching—learning-based optimization coupled with response surface methodology for micro electrochemical machining of aluminium nano composite, Silicon 13(2) (2021) 409-432.

S. Kunar, A. P. Tiwary, G. Kibria, B. V. Prasad, Investigation into Machining Accuracy of Micro Circular Pattern Fabricated by Maskless Electrochemical Micromachining, The Journal of Engineering Science and TechnologyReview 14(4) (2021) 99-104.

A. T. Ganesan, P. Varthajaru, T. Rajasekaran, Performance Study of Electrochemical Micromachining Using Square Composite Electrode for Copper, Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly 28(3) (2022) 247-253.

S. Maniraj, R. Thanigaivelan, Optimization of Electrochemical Micromachining Process Parameters for Machining of AMCs with Different % Compositions of GGBS Using Taguchi and TOPSIS Methods, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals 72 (2019) 3057-3066.

S. Maniraj, R. Thanigaivelan, Effect of electrode heating on performance of electrochemical micromachining, Materials and Manufacturing Processes34(13)(2019) 1494-1501.

J. R. Vinod Kumaar, R. Thanigaivelan, Performance of magnetic field-assisted citric acid electrolyte on electrochemical micro-machining of SS 316L, Materials and Manufacturing Processes 35(9) (2020) 969-977.

R. Thanigaivelan, R. M. Arunachalam, Experimental study of overcut in electrochemical micromachining for 304 stainless steel, 38th North American Manufacturing Research Conference 2010 (NAMRI/SME NAMRC 38), Kingston, Ontario, Canada, Transactions of NAMRI/SME 38 (2010) 253-260. ISBN 9781617389399

S. Maniraj, R. Thanigaivelan, R. Viswanathan, P. Elumalai, Experimental investigation of MRR and ROC in aluminium metal matrix composites, Materials Today: Proceedings 45 (2021) 1102-1106.

C. Zhang, P. Zheng, R. Liang, K. Yun,X. Jiang, Z. Yan, Effects of a magnetic field on the machining accuracy for the electrochemical drilling of micro holes, International Journal of Electrochemical Science 15 (2020) 1148-1159.

T. Weier, J.Hüller, G. Gerbeth, F.-P. Weiss, Lorentz force influence on momentum and mass transfer in natural convection copper electrolysis, Chemical Engineering Science 60(1) (2005) 293-298.

S. Kumar, M. Goud, N. M. Suri, Experimental investigation of magnetic-field-assisted electric discharge machining by silicon-based dielectric of Inconel 706 superalloy, Sādhanā 45(1) (2020) 253.

P. Venugopal, T. G. Arul, R. Thanigaivelan, Performance optimization of a PTFE-coated electrode in electrochemical micromachining, Ionics 28 (2022) 4745-4753.

V. Palaniswamy, K. Seeniappan, T. Rajasekaran, N. Lakshmaiya, Enhancing MRR and accuracy with magnetized graphite tool in electrochemical micromachining of copper, Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly 29(3) (2023) 201-208.



13-03-2023 — Updated on 13-03-2023

How to Cite

Palaniswamy, V., & Rajasekaran, T. (2023). Performance of magnetized tool in electrochemical micromachining on scrapped alloy wheel matrix composite: Original scientific paper. Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering, 13(3), 553–561.



Electrochemical Engineering