A sensitive and simple method for voltammetric analysis of Sudan I as an azo dye in food samples using a Fe3O4-ZIF-67/ionic liquid modified carbon paste electrode

Original scientific paper

  • Mahboobeh Shahsavari Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman 76175-133, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2261-4882
  • Iran Sheikhshoaie Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman 76175-133, Iran
Keywords: Electrochemical method, Fe3O4-ZIF-67 nanocomposite, ionic liquid
Graphical Abstract


The present study developed a facile and fast electrochemical approach to sensitively analyze Sudan I using Fe3O4-ZIF-67 nanocomposite plus ionic liquid (IL). The carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with Fe3O4-ZIF-67/IL exhibited an excellent electrochemical sensing performance to Sudan I. Compared with the unmodified CPE, Fe3O4-ZIF-67/ILCPE could significantly increase the peak current of Sudan I oxidation and decrease the oxidation overpotentials. Under the best experimental conditions, the sensor using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) technique responded to Sudan I linearly (0.5 - 560 μM) with a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.1 μM. Additionally, the applicability and effectiveness of our proposed method in sensing Sudan I present in food samples was confirmed by acceptable recovery rate (96.0 - 103.6 %).


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Electrochemical Science