Surface Engineering and Performance of Biomaterials


Special issue guest-edited by Hitesh Vasudev and Chander Prakash

Protein adsorption, cellular recolonization, adhesion, proliferation, migration, and the inflammatory response are all actions that can be influenced by surface engineering of biomaterials. In the case of metallic implants, a thorough surface treatment should not only preserve the great bulk qualities, such as strong mechanical properties, good fatigue strength, formability, and machinability, but also increase wear and corrosion resistance properties when needed. Another surface engineering method is to emulate the bone's complicated cell structure and environment, as well as its hierarchical character. Biomaterial scientists have been paying attention to the creation of nano/micrometre patterns and morphologies with control over their characteristics because of the promising outcomes for pertinent biological applications.

The goal of this Special Issue is to highlight original research papers or review articles that discuss the current state-of-the-art in surface engineering of biomaterials, particularly implants and biomedical devices. The topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Mechanical methods:
    • Blasting
    • Polishing
    • Advanced finishing
    • Precision and ultraprecision machining
  • Chemical and electrochemical methods:
    • Etching
    • Alkali treatment
    • Sol-gel
    • Anodizing
    • Electrophoretic deposition (EPD)
    • Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)
  • Physical methods:
    • Physical vapor deposition (PVD)
    • Sputtering
    • Plasma Ion implantation and deposition
    • Laser or electron beam patterning
    • Atomic layer deposition (ALD)
    • Plasma electrolyte oxidation (PEO)
    • Plasma polymerization
  • Laser based surface engineering processes
    • Cladding
    • Deposition
    • Coating
    • Engraving
  • Thermal spray deposition
    • Arc
    • Flame
    • Plasma
    • HVOF
  • Hybrid processes (physical-chemical-optical-nano-processes) and beyond

The guest-editors of the special issue are Hitesh Vasudev and Chander Prakash from the Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India. The special issue is planned for September 2022 and the submission deadline is August 1, 2022. Please select "Biomaterials" under the Section field when submitting articles for this thematic issue.