Electrochemical strategies for detection of diazinon

Review paper


  • Azadeh Lohrasbi‑Nejad Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3269-437X




Pesticide, electrochemistry, modified electrodes
Graphical Abstract


Diazinon (DZN) was first registered as an insecticide in the U.S. However, it was categorized in the limited group of pesticides due to its high toxicity for birds, aquatic animals, and humans. Like other organophosphorus pesticides, this compound exhibits inhibitory effects on the acetylcholinesterase enzyme. The inhibition of the enzyme leads to the accumulation of acetylcholine and causes the death of insects. DZN is considered a toxic compound for humans due to its high adsorption via skin and inhalation, which leads to the emergence of different symptoms of toxicity. When DZN is used for plants, the compound residues in crops enter the food chain bringing about different health problems. Moreover, the compound is easily washed by surface water and enters the groundwater. Its entrance into aquatic envi­ronments can negatively affect a wide range of non-targeted organisms. Thus, rese­archers seek to find fast and precise methods for the analysis of DZN. The electro­chemical method for recognizing the compound in real samples is preferable to other analytical methods. Because this method can be used without spending time preparing the sample, it is simple, fast, and cost-effective. Since such determinations may be made by using electro­chemical sensors and biosensors, numerous researchers have developed such sensors for DZN detection, and different sensitive materials were used in order to improve the selecti­vity, sensitivity, and detection limit. The present study aims to present the main progress and performance characteristics of electrochemical sensors and biosensors used to detect DZN, as it is reported in a number of relevant scientific papers published mainly in the last decade.


Download data is not yet available.


R. Osterauer, H. Kohler, Aquatic Toxicology 86 (2008) 485-494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.12.013

G. K. Sidhu, S. Singh, V. Kumar, D. S. Dhanjal, S. Datta, J. Singh, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 49 (2019) 1135-1187. https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2019.1565554

Q. Long, H. Li, Y. Zhang, S. Yao, Biosensors & Bioelectronics 68 (2015) 168-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2014.12.046

A. Salehzadeh, R. Abbasalipourkabir, B. Shisheian, A. Rafaat, A. Nikkhah, T. Rezaii, Drug and Chemical Toxicology 42 (2019) 280-285. https://doi.org/10.1080/01480545.2018.1449852

D. G. Karpouzas, K. B. Advances in Microbial Physiology 51 (2006) 185-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2911(06)51003-3

National pesticide information center, Diazinon, Technical Fact Sheet. http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/archive/diazinontech.html (accessed September 17, 2022)

Environmental Risk Assessment for Diazinon, Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington DC, USA, 2000.

C. Timchalk, Organophosphate Insecticide Pharmacokinetics. Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, R. Krieger, Ed., Academic Press: San Diego, 2 (2010) 1409-1433. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374367-1.00066-5

Y. Yi, G. Zhu, C. Liu, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Zhao, S. Yao, Analytical Chemistry 85 (2013) 11464-11470. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac403257p

S. Mostafalou, M. Abdollahi, Toxicology 409 (2018) 44-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2018.07.014

P. Wang, H. Li, M. M. Hassan, Z. Guo, Z.-Z. Zhang, Q. Chen, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 67 (2019) 4071-4079. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b07201

Environmental Protection Agency, I.R.E.D Facts, Diazinon, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Office of Pesticide Programs 2004. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=10004G10.TXT (accessed September 17, 2022)

EPA, Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for Diazinon, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, USA, 2006. https://www3.epa.gov/pesticides/chem_search/reg_actions/reregistration/red_PC-057801_31-Jul-06.pdf

P. E. Howard, Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals, Lewis Publishers, Inc., Chelsea MI, USA, 1991 209. ISBN 9780873713283

A. G. Hornsby, R. D. Wauchope, A. E. Herner, Pesticide Properties in the Environment, Springer-Verlag, New York, USA, 1996, 83. ISBN 978-0-387-94353-4

ToxGuide for Diazinon; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, 2006. https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxguides/toxguide-86.pdf

M. K. Morgan, D. M. Stout, P. A. Jones, D. B. Barr, Environmental Research 107 (2008) 336-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2008.03.004

M. A. Kamrin, Pesticide Profiles: Toxicity, Environmental Impacts, and Fate, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton FL, USA, 1997, 157. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1998.00472425002700040038x

T. R. Roberts, D. H. Hutson, Metabolic Pathways of Agrochemicals - Part 2: Insecticides and Fungicides, The Royal Society of Chemistry: Cambridge, UK, 1999, 258. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781847551375-00937

A. Kretschmann, R. Ashauer, K. Hitzfeld, P. Spaak, J. Hollender, B. I. Escher, Environmental Science & Technology 45 (2011) 4980-4987. https://doi.org/10.1021/es1042386

D. C. Villeneuve, R. F. Willes, J. B. Lacroix, W. E. J. Phillips, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 21 (1972) 201-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-008X(72)90010-5

J. R. Reigart, J. R. Roberts, Organophosphate Insecticides. Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings, 5th ed., U.S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, USA, 1999, 34-47.

S. L. Wagner, Diagnosis and Treatment of Organophosphate and Carbamate Intoxication, in Human Health Effects of Pesticides; M. C. Keifer, Ed., Hanley and Belfus, Philadelphia, USA 12 (1997) 239-249.

M. Behbahani, A. Veisi, F. Omidi, M.Y. Badi, A. Noghrehabadi, A. Esrafili, H. R. Sobhi, New Journal of Chemistry 42 (2018) 4289-4296. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ03788K

A. Concha-Meyer, S. Grandon, G. Sepulveda, R. Diaz, J. Antonio Yuri, C. Torres, Food Chemistry 295 (2019) 64-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.05.046

V. K. Gupta, A. K. Singh, L. K. Kumawat, Sensors and Actuators B 195 (2014b) 98-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.12.092

J. Li, X. Teng, W. Wang, Z. Zhang, C. Fan, Journal of Separation Science 42 (2019) 1990-2002. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201800975

P. Vinas, N. Campillo, I. Lopez-Garcia, N. Aguinaga, M. Hernandez-Cordoba, Journal of Chromatography A 978 (2002) 249-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01443-7

D. Guziejewski, S. Skrzypek, W. Ciesielski, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 184 (2012) 6575-6582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2442-7

B. Ondes, M. Soysal, Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166 (2019) B395-B401. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0631906jes

V. K. Gupta, L. P. Singh, R. Singh, N. Upadhyay, S. P. Kaur, B. Sethi, Journal of Molecular Liquids 174 (2012) 11-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2012.07.016

E. Ceballos-Alcantarilla, C. Agullo, A. Abad-Somovilla, J.V.M. A. Abad-Fuentes, Food Chemistry 288 (2019) 117-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.007

D. Ferri, P. Gavina, A. M. Costero, M. Parra, J.-L. Vivancos, R. Martinez-Manez, Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical 202 (2014) 727-731. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2014.06.011

Y. Rong, H. Li, Q. Ouyang, S. Ali, Q. Chen, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 239 (2020) 118500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.118500

M. Tefera, S. Admassie, M. Tessema, S. Mehretie, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Research 2 (2015) 139-150. https://dx.doi.org/10.22036/abcr.2015.11928

H. Mahmoudi-Moghaddam, S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, Food Chemistry 286 (2019) 191-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.01.143

H. Karimi-Maleh, A. Khataee, F. Karimi, M. Baghayeri, L. Fu, J. Rouhi, R. Boukherroub, Chemosphere 291 (2022) 132928. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.132928

N. Rajabi, M. Masrournia, M. Abedi, Chemical Methodologies 4 (2020) 660-670. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2020.109975

J.A. Buledi, N. Mahar, A. Mallah, A.R. Solangi, I.M. Palabiyik, N. Qambrani, F. Karimi, Y. Vasseghian, H. Karimi-Maleh, Food and Chemical Toxicology 161 (2022) 112843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.112843

H. Mahmoudi-Moghaddam, S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, Microchemical Journal 150 (2019) 104085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2019.104085

M. Montazarolmahdi, M. Masrournia, A. Nezhadali, Chemical Methodologies 4 (2020) 732-742. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2020.113388

H. Karimi-Maleh, F. Karimi, Y. Orooji, G. Mansouri, A. Razmjou, A. Aygun, F. Sen, Scientific Reports 10 (2020) 11699. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68663-2

M. M. Foroughi, H. Beitollahi, S. Tajik, A. Akbari, R. Hosseinzadeh, International Journal of Electrochemical Science 9 (2014) 8407. http://www.electrochemsci.org/papers/vol9/91208407.pdf

M. Motahharinia, H. Zamani, H. Karimi-Maleh, Chemical Methodologies 5 (2021) 107-113. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.119678

H. Beitollahi, H. Mahmoudi Moghaddam, S. Tajik, Analytical Letters 52(9) (2019) 1432-1444. https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2018.1545132

S. Saghiri, M. Ebrahimi, M. Bozorgmehr, Chemical Methodologies 5 (1999) 234-239. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.128530

M. Bijad, H. Karimi-Maleh, M. Farsi, S.-A. Shahidi, Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 12 (2018) 634-640. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-017-9676-1

H. Peyman, H. Roshanfekr, A. Babakhanian, H. Jafari, Chemical Methodologies 5 (2021) 446-453. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.135266

A. Moghaddam, H. Zamani, H. Karimi-Maleh, Chemical Methodologies 5 (2021) 373-380. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.135727

A. Shamsi, F. Ahour, Advanced Journal of Chemistry A 4 (2020) 22-31.‏ https://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ajca.2020.252025.1215

F. Tahernejad-Javazmi, M. Shabani-Nooshabadi, H. Karimi-Maleh, Talanta 176 (2018) 208-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2017.08.027

H. Beitollahi, S. Tajik, F. G. Nejad, M. Safaei, Journal of Materials Chemistry B 8(27) (2020) 5826-5844. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TB00569J

M. Abrishamkar, S. Ehsani Tilami, S. Hosseini Kaldozakh, Advanced Journal of Chemistry A 3 (2020) 767-776. https://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ajca.2020.114113

H. Beitollahi, F. G. Nejad, Z. Dourandish, S. Tajik, Environmental Research 214 (2022) 113725. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2022.113725

S. Cheraghi, M.A. Taher, H. Karimi-Maleh, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 62 (2017) 254-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2017.06.006

P. M. Jahani, F. G. Nejad, Z. Dourandish, M. P. Zarandi, M. M. Safizadeh, S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, Chemosphere 302 (2022) 134712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134712

S. Azimi, M. Amiri, H. Imanzadeh, A. Bezaatpour, Advanced Journal of Chemistry A 4 (2021) 152-164. https://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ajca.2021.275901.1246

M. Miraki, H. Karimi-Maleh, M. A. Taher, S. Cheraghi, F. Karimi, S. Agarwal, V. K. Gupta, Journal of Molecular Liquids 278 (2019) 672-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2019.01.081

H. Beitollahi, S. Tajik, H. K. Maleh, R. Hosseinzadeh, Applied Organometallic Chemistry 27(8) (2013) 444-450. https://doi.org/10.1002/aoc.3001

J. Mohanraj, D. Durgalakshmi, R. A. Rakkesh, S. Balakumar, S. Rajendran, H. Karimi-Maleh, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 566 (2020) 463-472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.01.089

S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, F. G. Nejad, K. O. Kirlikovali, Q. Van Le, H. W. Jang, R. S. Varma, O. K. Farha, M. Shokouhimehr, Crystal Growth & Design 20(10) (2020) 7034-7064. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.0c00601

H. Sadeghi, S. Shahidi, S. Naghizadeh Raeisi, A. Ghorbani-HasanSaraei, F. Karimi, Chemical Methodologies 4 (2020) 743-753. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2020.113657

X. Liu, International Journal of Electrochemistry 2011 (2011) 986494. https://doi.org/10.4061/2011/986494

S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, F. G. Nejad, I. S. Shoaie, M. A. Khalilzadeh, M. S. Asl, Q. Van Le, K. Zhang, H. W. Jang, M. Shokouhimehr, RSC Advances 10(62) (2020) 37834-37856. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA06160C

H. Karimi-Maleh, M. Sheikhshoaie, I. Sheikhshoaie, M. Ranjbar, J. Alizadeh, N. W. Maxakato, A. Abbaspourrad, New Journal of Chemistry 43(5) (2019) 2362-2367. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NJ05581E

Y. Orooji, P. N. Asrami, H. Beitollahi, S. Tajik, M. Alizadeh, S. Salmanpour, M. Baghayeri, J. Rouhi, A. L. Sanati, F. Karimi, Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 15(5) (2021) 4098-4104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-00982-y

L. C. Fajardo, A. I. B. Tamayo, A. M. E. Guas, Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering 11 (2021) 247-261. https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.1005

F. G. Nejad, M. H. Asadi, I. Sheikhshoaie, Z. Dourandish, R. Zaimbashi, H. Beitollahi, Food and Chemical Toxicology 166 (2022) 113243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.113243

S. A. Alavi-Tabari, M. A. Khalilzadeh, H. Karimi-Maleh, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 811 (2018) 84-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2018.01.034

B. Kamble, K.M. Garadkar, K.K. Sharma, P. Kamble, S. Tayade, B.D. Ajalkar, Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering 11 (2021) 143-159. https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.956

I. Amar, A. Sharif, M. Ali, S. Alshareef, F. Altohami, M. Abdulqadir, M. Ahwidi, Chemical Methodologies 4 (2020) 1-18. https://doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/CHEMM.2020.1.1

H. Karimi-Maleh, C. Karaman, O. Karaman, F. Karimi, Y. Vasseghian, L. Fu, A. Mirabi, Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry 12 (2022) 429-439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40097-022-00492-3

A. Dehno Khalaji, Chemical Methodologies 4(1) (2020) 34-39. https://doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/CHEMM.2020.1.3

S. Mafi, K. Mahanpoor, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(1) (2020) 59-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.1.7

H. Karimi-Maleh, R. Darabi, M. Shabani-Nooshabadi, M. Baghayeri, F. Karimi, J. Rouhi, C. Karaman, Food and Chemical Toxicology 162 (2022) 112907. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.112907

S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, F. G. Nejad, Z. Dourandish, M. A. Khalilzadeh, H. W. Jang, R. A. Venditti, R. S. Varma, M. Shokouhimehr, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 60(3) (2021) 1112-1136. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.0c04952

M. Rohaniyan, A. Davoodnia, S. Beyramabadi, Chemical Methodologies 4 (2020) 285-296. https://doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/CHEMM/2020.3.6

E. Naderi; N. Akbarzadeh-T; T. Kondori; A. Tahkor, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(2) (2020) 265-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.2.12

S. Sarli; N. Ghasemi, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(3) (2020) 302-318. http://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.3.2

S. Tajik, Y. Orooji, Z. Ghazanfari, F. Karimi, H. Beitollahi, R. S. Varma, H. W. Jang, M. Shokouhimehr, Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 15(4) (2021) 3837-3852. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-00955-1

F. Raoufi, H. Aghaei, M. Ghaedi, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(2) (2020) 226-233. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.2.8

S.S. Mohammadi, N. Ghasemi M. Ramezani, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(1) (2020) 87-102. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.1.10

B. Baghernejad, M. Rostami Harzevili, Chemical Methodologies 5(2) (2021) 90-95. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.119641

Z. Hoseini, A. Davoodnia, A. Khojastehnezhad, M. Pordel. Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(3) (2020) 398-409. http://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.3.10

S. Tajik, Y. Orooji, F. Karimi, Z. Ghazanfari, H. Beitollahi, M. Shokouhimehr, R. S. Varma, H. W. Jang, Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 15(5) (2021) 4617-4622. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-01027-0

N. Ahmadi, A. Ramazani, S. Rezayati, F. Hosseini, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(8) (2020) 862-874. http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ecc.2020.108366

M. Alidadykhoh, H. Pyman, H. Roshanfekr, Chemical Methodologies 5(2) (2021) 96-106. https://doi.org/10.22034/chemm.2021.119677

M. Ozdal, S. Gurkok, ADMET and DMPK 10 (2022) 115-129. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.1172

S. Staroverov, S. Kozlov, A. Fomin, K. Gabalov, V. Khanadeev, D. Soldatov, I. Domnitsky, L. Dykman, S.V. Akchurin, O. Guliy, ADMET and DMPK 9 (2021) 255-266. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.1023

S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, H. W. Jang, M. Shokouhimehr, Talanta 232 (2021) 122379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122379

F. G. Nejad, S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, I. Sheikhshoaie, Talanta 228 (2021) 122075. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.122075

M. Shahsavari, M. Mortazavi, S. Tajik, I. Sheikhshoaie, H. Beitollahi, Micromachines 13(1) (2022) 88. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13010088

S.S. Moshirian-Farahi, H.A. Zamani, M. Abedi, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(9) (2020) 702-711. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.6.7

S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, Z. Dourandish, P. Mohammadzadeh Jahani, I. Sheikhshoaie, M. B. Askari, M. Shokouhimehr, Electroanalysis 34(7) (2022) 1065-1091. https://doi.org/10.1002/elan.202100393

T. Eren, N. Atar, M. L. Yola, H. Karimi-Maleh, Food Chemistry 185 (2015) 430-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.03.153

S. Tajik, A. Lohrasbi-Nejad, P. Mohammadzadeh Jahani, M. B. Askari, P. Salarizadeh, H. Beitollahi, Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 16(1) (2022) 722-730. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-01201-4

M. Payehghadr; Y. Taherkhani; A. Maleki; F. Nourifard, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(9) (2020) 982-990. https://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ecc.2020.114589

S. Tajik, M. B. Askari, S. A. Ahmadi, F. G. Nejad, Z. Dourandish, R. Razavi, H. Beitollahi, A. Di Bartolomeo, Nanomaterials 12(3) (2022) 491. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12030491

A. Hosseini Fakhrabad; R. Sanavi Khoshnood; M.R. Abedi; M. Ebrahimi, Eurasian Chemical Communications 3(9) (2021) 627-634. https://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ecc.2021.288271.1182

M. Pirozmand, A. Nezhadali, M. Payehghadr, L. Saghatforoush, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(10) (2020) 1021-1032. http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ecc.2020.241560.1063

T. Girish, J.G. Manjunatha, P.A. Pushpanjali, N. S. Prinith, D. K. Ravishankar, G. Siddaraju, Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering 11 (2021) 27-38. https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.934

M. R. Aflatoonian, S. Tajik, B. Aflatoonian, M. S. Ekrami-Kakhki, K. Divsalar, I. Sheikh Shoaie, Z. Dourandish, M. Sheikhshoaie, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(4) (2020) 505-515. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.4.8

H. Pyman, H. Roshanfekr, S. Ansari, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(2) (2020) 213-225. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.2.7

H. Karimi-Maleh, A. F. Shojaei, K. Tabatabaeian, F. Karimi, S. Shakeri, R. Moradi, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 86 (2016) 879-884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2016.07.086

M. R. Aflatoonian, B. Aflatoonian, R. Alizadeh, R. Abbasi Rayeni, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(1) (2020) 35-43. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.1.4

S. Mafi, K. Mahanpoor, Eurasian Chemical Communications 2(1) (2020) 59-77. https://dx.doi.org/10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.1.7

F. G. Nejad, I. Sheikhshoaie, H. Beitollahi, Food and Chemical Toxicology 162 (2022) 112864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.112864

H. Karimi-Maleh, H. Beitollahi, P. S. Kumar, S. Tajik, P. M. Jahani, F. Karimi, C. Karaman, Y. Vasseghian, M. Baghayeri, J. Rouhi, P. L. Show, Food and Chemical Toxicology 164 (2022) 112961. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.112961

A. Dinu, C. Apetrei, Sensors 20(9) (2020) 2496. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092496

S. Tajik, Z. Dourandish, F. G. Nejad, A. Aghaei Afshar, H. Beitollahi, Micromachines 13(3) (2022) 369. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi13030369

A. Hojjati-Najafabadi, M. Mansoorianfar, T. X. Liang, K. Shahin, H. Karimi-Maleh, Science of The Total Environment 824 (2022) 153844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153844

G. Erdoğdu, Journal of Analytical Chemistry 58(6) (2003) 569-572. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024120320359

M. Arvand, M. Vaziri, M. A. Zanjanchi, Journal of Analytical Chemistry 68(5) (2013) 429-435. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934813050043

A. Motaharian, F. Motaharian, K. Abnous, M. R. M. Hosseini, M. Hassanzadeh-Khayyat, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 408(24) (2016) 6769-6779. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00216-016-9802-7

J. Ghodsi, A. A. Rafati, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 807 (2017) 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.11.003

M. Khadem, F. Faridbod, P. Norouzi, A. Rahimi Foroushani, M. R. Ganjali, S. J. Shahtaheri, R. Yarahmadi, Electroanalysis 29(3) (2017) 708-715. https://doi.org/10.1002/elan.201600293

D. Akyüz, A. Koca, Sensors and Actuators B 283 (2019) 848-856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2018.11.155

F. Zahirifar, M. Rahimnejad, R. A. Abdulkareem, G. Najafpour, Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology 20 (2019) 101245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101245

F. Tadayon, M. Jahromi, Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society 17(4) (2020) 847-857. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13738-019-01819-8

T. Ghiasi, S. Ahmadi, E. Ahmadi, M. R. T. B. Olyai, Z. Khodadadi, Microchemical Journal 160 (2021) 105628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2020.105628

O. K. Topsoy, F. Muhammad, S. Kolak, A. Ulu, Ö. Güngör, M. Şimşek, B. Ateş, Measurement 187 (2022) 110250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2021.110250

L. S. Porto, L. F. Ferreira, W. T. P. Dos Santos, A. C. Pereira, Talanta 246 (2022) 123477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2022.123477

D. Grieshaber, R. MacKenzie, J. Vörös, E. Reimhult, Sensors 8(3) (2008) 1400-1458. https://doi.org/10.3390/s80314000

Z. Dourandish, S. Tajik, H. Beitollahi, P. M. Jahani, F. G. Nejad, I. Sheikhshoaie, A. Di Bartolomeo, Sensors 22(6) (2022) 2238. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22062238

I. G. Munteanu, C. Apetrei, International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22(23) (2021) 13138. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222313138

H. Karimi-Maleh, Y. Orooji, F. Karimi, M. Alizadeh, M. Baghayeri, J. Rouhi, A. Al-Othman, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 184 (2021) 113252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2021.113252

E. Cesewski, B. N. Johnson, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 159 (2020) 112214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2020.112214

P. Bollella, G. Fusco, C. Tortolini, G. Sanzò, G. Favero, L. Gorton, R. Antiochia, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 89 (2017) 152-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2016.03.068

R. Monošík, M. Stred'anský, E. Šturdík, Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 26(1) (2012) 22-34. https://doi.org/10.1002%2Fjcla.20500

Z. Ma, C. Meliana, H. S. H. Munawaroh, C. Karaman, H. Karimi-Maleh, S. S. Low, P. L. Chemosphere 306 (2022) 135515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135515

H. Beitollahi, S. Tajik, Z. Dourandish, K. Zhang, Q. V. Le, H. W. Jang, M. Shokouhimehr, Sensors 20(11) (2020) 3256. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113256

V. S. Somerset, M. J. Klink, M. M. Sekota, P. G. Baker, E. I. Iwuoha, Analytical Letters 39(8) (2006) 1683-1698. https://doi.org/10.1080/00032710600713834

Y. D. T. de Albuquerque, L. F. Ferreira, Analytica Chimica Acta 596(2) (2007) 210-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2007.06.013

V. S. Somerset, M. J. Klink, P. G. Baker, E. I. Iwuoha, Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 42(3) (2007) 297-304. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601230701229288

N. Zehani, S. V. Dzyadevych, R. Kherrat, N. J. Jaffrezic-Renault, Frontiers in Chemistry 2 (2014) 44. https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2014.00044

M. Arvand, M. Dehsaraei, Ionics 24(8) (2018) 2445-2454. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-017-2373-6

N. Pajooheshpour, M. Rezaei, A. Hajian, A. Afkhami, M. Sillanpää, F. Arduini, H. Bagheri, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 275 (2018) 180-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2018.08.014

S. Hassani, M. R. Akmal, A. Salek-Maghsoudi, S. Rahmani, M. R. Ganjali, P. Norouzi, M. Abdollahi, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 120 (2018) 122-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2018.08.041

A. R. Zare, A. A. Ensafi, B. Rezaei, Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society 16(12) (2019) 2777-2785. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13738-019-01741-z

H. Khosropour, B. Rezaei, P. Rezaei, A. A. Ensafi, Analytica Chimica Acta 1111 (2020) 92-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2020.03.047




How to Cite

Lohrasbi‑Nejad, A. (2022). Electrochemical strategies for detection of diazinon: Review paper. Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering, 12(6), 1041–1059. https://doi.org/10.5599/jese.1379



Electroanalytical chemistry